Dallas Texas Independent Schools 2017: All About Progressive Elementary Schools A pedagogical movement started in the late nineteenth century on progressive education that persisted in different forms to the present, which is used to distinguish from traditional Euro-American curriculum that was considered a classical preparation and differentiated by social status. Progressive education was developed in the basis of truth and knowledge arising from observation and experience leading to education, rather than memorization of facts or manipulation of given ideas in traditional education. Lessons utilized in traditional setting are mostly illustration-based or picture based and abstract or symbolic, separated from concrete experience. In progressive education, learning starts with experiences which are immediate, significant and concrete, before moving and introducing pictorial or abstract methods. In traditional education, the teacher uses lectures and workbooks to teach, whereas progressive education uses various educational materials, allowing the student to manipulate toys, tools and other items to actually experience what is being taught. The qualities of progressive education are learning goals are more of action and understanding rather than rote knowledge, cooperative and collaborative learning projects, emphasis is on learning by doing, focused and integrated curriculum with thematic units, emphasis on critical thinking and problem solving, social skills development, democracy and social responsibility, personalized learning, community service learning projects, emphasis on lifelong learning and experiences, and assessment by evaluating child’s productions and projects. To differentiate further, progressive education perceive school as a part of life, where learners are active participants, planners and problem solvers, and teachers are facilitator who guide to foster learning, while traditional education focuses on schooling as a preparation for life, with passive learners, and teachers are directly sources of authority and information. Parents are considered the primary teachers, planners and goal setters in progressive education, serving as resources to their children, while parents are not involved and are considered as outsiders in traditional setting. The community is an extension of the classroom in progressive education, whereas traditional education consider the community as separate from school.
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In a progressive setting, learning program is highly determined by the mission, goals and philosophy of graduates, and playing, social interaction and direct experience constitutes knowledge. Disciplines are integrated every time children make connections, and skills are related to its content and are perceived as tools. In progressive education, school is a fun and very challenging place, where intelligence is recognized in different aspects of life not only mathematics and sciences, but also including arts, sports, social skills and other real-life problem solving areas. In progressive education, assessment comes with various forms, it is progress oriented rather than graded, and its success is determined by collaboration and application of learning over time.5 Takeaways That I Learned About Options